Based of many literatures, the first time, Koi fish was bred by Chinese people, i.e carp fish, the origin of Koi fish. Around the year 1300 ad. However, in the process, this fish has become increasingly popular as fish originating from Japan.
This is the cause…
In Japan, there are areas that become the center of carp fish hatcheries, which is in the Ojiya mountains, Nigata. Many Japanese people breeding these carps as food in the summer. But in winter, the region is covered by snow. They cannot breed. So, in winter, these carp fish moved to the small pond in the house.
In the breeding of many years, obtained at one of the strains that have the color red, or bright blue. This was the initial motivation for residents of Japan continue to find another new strain. Until finally in 1870 kohaku koi strains of virtue, which is red and white. Followed in 1910, red and black strains ever discovered and known as Shiroutsiiri. Kinutsiru is also found in yellow and black.
So until the year 1930, began to be found carps with 2 and 3 colors, like Showa Sanke which including red, white, and black colors. Then found again other color schemes, like Kinrin, or more known as golden scales, Ginrin or silver scales, also Ogon Koi (gold).
Not only in Japan, the founding of Koi fish strain also happened in Germany. Found Koi fish with not completely scales, also found a Koi strain without scales. This discovery result sends to Japan as a gift. Then Japanese people begin to breed this variant. So that strain of Koi fish becomes more complete.
These Koi from Germany known by Japanese people as Doitsugoi (Germany Koi). While the Koi colors from Japan named by Nishikigoi (It’s mean colorful). In Japan language, Goi meaning is carps. From Goi, finally these varieties of carps begin known as Koi fish.
Chinese story about Koi, sign of princely love
At other literature, tropical fish hobbiest magazine, tell the origin of the Nishikigoi word as forerunner the mention for Koi fish. This story was published on September 1988.
Told that in Chinese history, when one of the Prince of Lu give gifts a fish on the anniversary of the oldest boy of Kong zi. Exactly the year 533 BC. This fish was known as Koi fish until now.
In China, there is a popular old book, which explain specially about Koi fish, i.e Yogyokyo book. In this book, including how to breed Koi fish and all about relate with Koi fish. This book also explained about Koi fish colors, like red, black, white, blue, or yellow. Complete.
Sign of love from Emperor, Japan story
At February 94 A.D., Kejkou emperor was visiting Mino province and fall in love with a girl, the daughter of a prince Yasakairihiko otohime.
When hear that, the girl, the princess fled into the forest.
The Emperor does not lack common sense. He is constantly working to attract the attention of the Princess. How, by taking fish imported from china that is in her lodgings. Then hold banquets of fish. Oddly enough, the Princess who initially refused, finally out of the Woods and meet the emperor. Then they met and fell in love with each other, which in the language of Japan is called KOI.
From this story, people call the fish that used by emperors for captive the hearts of the princess as Koi fish.
Nishikigoi, The origin name of Koi fish
At the beginning, people mention colorful Koi fish with various name. They call Mayogoi for carps with good pattern, Hanagoi for carps with flower pattern, Echigo no kawarigoi for unique carps from Echigo, Irogoi for carps color, and Madarigoi for fish with shades round.
Until finally, a fisheries research technician from Niigata, Kei-Abe, give the name Nishikigoi for this Koi fish. At first time, Taisho Sanshoku was produced in 1918 in Takezawa mura. At that time, Nishikigoi name is not popular among the people.
Nishikigoi is widely known
There two versions about the cause name of Koi fish Nishikigoi widely known and popular in the world.
First. When a captain of the ship world war II arrives in the Koi fish hatchery center. Because hungry, he wants Irogoi (carps color) to eat. This makes confusing because Irogoi in Japanese language, its mean se*ual appetite. From this time, then Nishikigoi name widely known.
Second. When Francis Burgoa, ahead of the headquarters of the allied forces come to survey Koi fish hatchery center in Yamakoshi, after world war II. And until that, Nishikigoi word becomes widely known as name for fish with colorful scales. And not only fish with one color.
In Japanese language, Koi, by literary, it can lead to two different meanings. The first, Koi is meaning fish, while second, it’s meaning pure or perfect. So, from these two meanings, Koi fish was meant as the fish that has the bloodlines and the line pattern of the side that is neat and orderly. So indeed Koi can really be one of those fish that became popular, unique, profitable, and symbolizes the high artistic value.
ANOTHER Unique FACT about KOI FISh
Koi fish is a fish which also includes carps are bred by selectively, because the specified color selection. When returned to the wild, and breed in the wild and free, Koi fish will return to its natural color, i.e. fish which also includes carps in General. It is also one of the causes of the Koi fish special and unique.
Another interesting fact is also that the Koi fish is a type of fish was long lived. Even in Japan there is a reaching 223 years. It’s interesting and amazing, isn’t it.